Relocating from Nigeria to Canada: Costs, Key Information, and Tips for a Smooth Transition

This in-depth guide provides a detailed analysis of the various expenses and essential information for individuals planning to move from Nigeria to the highly sought-after destination of Canada. Additionally, we offer helpful tips for ensuring a smooth transition to your new home.

Reasons to Choose Canada as Your New Home

Canada offers several attractions that make it a popular choice for those looking to relocate. Here are some of the key reasons:

  1. Exceptional Natural Beauty

Canada boasts an array of diverse landscapes, from towering mountains and pristine coastlines to crystal-clear lakes and lush forests. Iconic natural landmarks like the Canadian Rocky Mountain parks, Dinosaur Provincial Park, Cabot Trail, and Niagara Falls only add to the country’s appeal. Nature enthusiasts will find plenty to explore and enjoy in Canada’s breathtaking scenery.

  1. Dynamic and Livable Cities

Canadian cities are known for their cleanliness, safety, and eco-friendliness, making them highly livable. These urban centers, often smaller in size compared to their American counterparts, are easy to navigate and feature well-planned infrastructure. Furthermore, Canada has a reputation for being one of the friendliest nations globally, ensuring newcomers feel welcome and quickly adapt to their new surroundings.

  1. Affordable and High-Quality Living

Compared to other leading countries, living in Canada is relatively more cost-effective. The Canadian dollar is typically lower than the US dollar, which means lower expenses for travelers. Moreover, Canada offers excellent healthcare, education, and social services, contributing to a high quality of life.

In-Depth Breakdown of Costs and Requirements for Relocating from Nigeria to Canada

  1. Canadian Visa

Obtaining a Canadian visa is the first step in relocating to Canada, as it grants you legal permission to enter and reside in the country. Visa processing fees vary depending on the type of visa and immigration stream you choose, such as family sponsorship, provincial nominee programs, or skilled worker programs.

To determine the appropriate visa category and understand the specific costs associated with it, visit the official Government of Canada immigration website ( for up-to-date information on application fees and requirements.

  1. Biometric Fees

Visa authorities require your biometrics, including your photo and fingerprints, for proper verification. The fees for biometrics vary depending on the number of applicants:

  • Individual applicants: $85
  • Families applying together: A maximum total fee of $170
  • Groups of 3 or more performing artists and their staff: A maximum total fee of $255
  1. Airfare

Flight costs from Nigeria to Canada depend on the airline, time of year, and your flexibility with travel dates. A range of options are available, including British Airways, Egypt Air, KLM, Turkish Air, Lufthansa, Delta Airways, Brussels Air, Air France, and Qatar Airways. To find the best prices, consider using flight comparison websites and booking your ticket well in advance.

  1. International Passport

An international passport is required for travel, and it must be valid throughout your stay in Canada. Costs vary based on the length of validity and the number of pages in the passport. It’s essential to ensure your passport has enough validity remaining to cover your entire stay in Canada.

  1. Language Proficiency Test

For those planning to study or work in Canada, demonstrating proficiency in English or French is necessary. Standardized language tests, such as IELTS or TOEFL, are widely accepted. Test fees range from N76,000 to N85,000. In addition, many Canadian immigration programs require language proficiency, so it’s crucial to prepare for and take the appropriate test before submitting your application.

  1. Police Character Certificate

Canada places a strong emphasis on safety and security, so you will need to provide a Police Character Certificate as part of your immigration process. This document verifies that you have no criminal history and are not a threat to Canadian society. The current cost for obtaining this certificate in Nigeria is N40,000.

  1. Medical Report

A medical examination is required as part of the immigration process to ensure that you are in good health and do not pose a risk to public health in Canada. Medical examination costs vary depending on the hospital and may range from N20,000 to N40,000.

  1. Initial Settling CostsĀ in Canada

When moving to Canada, it’s essential to factor in the costs of settling in once you’ve arrived. These expenses can vary based on your individual needs, but it’s important to have a realistic budget in place. Some common initial settling costs include:

a. Accommodation: You will need to find a place to live, whether it’s temporary accommodation, such as a hotel or Airbnb, or long-term housing, like renting or purchasing a home. Rental costs can vary widely depending on the city and neighborhood you choose, so it’s important to research average rental prices in your desired area.

b. Transportation: Upon arrival, you may need to rely on public transportation or purchase a vehicle to get around. Public transportation costs depend on the city, but most Canadian cities offer affordable monthly transit passes. If you choose to buy a car, consider the cost of the vehicle, insurance, registration, and maintenance.

c. Utilities and Communication: When settling into your new home, you will need to set up essential services like electricity, gas, water, and internet. These costs can vary depending on usage and service providers, but it’s essential to budget for them as part of your initial expenses.

d. Furniture and Household Items: You may need to purchase furniture, appliances, and other household items for your new home. Some rental properties come furnished, but others require you to provide your furnishings. Research the cost of these items in Canada and budget accordingly.

e. Health Insurance: While Canada has a public healthcare system, there may be a waiting period before you become eligible for coverage. During this time, you will need to purchase private health insurance to cover any potential medical expenses. The cost of private health insurance varies depending on the coverage and provider you choose.

By considering these initial settling costs, you can better prepare for your move to Canada and ensure that you have a realistic budget in place for a smoother transition.

  1. Currency Exchange and Financial Assistance

a. Currency Exchange: When moving to Canada, you will need to convert your Nigerian Naira (NGN) to Canadian Dollars (CAD). Currency exchange rates can fluctuate, so it’s crucial to monitor the rates and plan your conversion accordingly. Keep in mind that banks and currency exchange services may charge a fee or offer different rates, so it’s essential to compare options to get the best deal.

b. Financial Assistance: Some newcomers may be eligible for financial assistance programs upon arrival in Canada. These programs can help with initial living expenses, language training, and job search support. For example, the Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) provides support to eligible refugees and protected persons. Other settlement programs and services are available through immigrant-serving organizations. Research the options available in your destination city to see if you qualify for any financial assistance programs.

By factoring in currency exchange and exploring potential financial assistance options, you can better manage your finances and ease the financial burden during your relocation to Canada.

  1. Shipping Personal Belongings to Canada

When relocating to Canada, you may want to ship your personal belongings, including furniture, clothing, and other household items. The cost of shipping your possessions can vary based on several factors, such as the shipping method, the volume of items, and the distance traveled. Some options to consider include:

a. Air Freight: This is the fastest option for shipping your belongings to Canada but can also be the most expensive. Air freight charges are typically based on the weight and volume of the items being shipped.

b. Sea Freight: Shipping by sea is a more cost-effective option compared to air freight, but it takes longer, usually several weeks. Sea freight costs are determined by the volume of your belongings, measured in cubic meters or container size.

c. Shipping Companies: Several international shipping companies provide services between Nigeria and Canada. It’s essential to research different companies, compare quotes, and read reviews to find a reliable and affordable option. Keep in mind that some companies may charge additional fees for packing, insurance, or customs clearance.

d. Customs Duties and Taxes: When shipping your belongings to Canada, you may be required to pay customs duties and taxes. However, some items may qualify for duty-free and tax-free importation if you meet specific conditions, such as being a first-time immigrant or having owned and used the items for a certain period. Familiarize yourself with the Canadian customs regulations and any potential costs involved.


Every year, thousands of Nigerians choose to relocate to Canada for various reasons, such as work, study, or family reunification. The information provided in this comprehensive guide aims to help you understand the costs and requirements involved in making this significant move. However, it’s essential to remember that prices and regulations may change over time, so always check for the most current information before starting your immigration journey. Having additional funds to cover unforeseen expenses is also a wise move.

By being well-prepared and knowledgeable about the relocation process, you can ensure a smoother transition to your new life in Canada. Embrace the opportunity to experience the natural beauty, welcoming cities, and rich cultural diversity that this incredible country has to offer.

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